Literature on the Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP)

Welcome to the International Research collection of the Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP). We hope to create a comprehensive list of research related to AVP. If we are missing anything, please contact us here.

The literature in this collection is grouped under four headings (available from the tabs above):

  1. Descriptions of AVP – non-research literature about AVP (e.g., descriptions of AVP workshops and discussion of the history of AVP)
  2. AVP Research – evaluations of AVP and other research about AVP
  3. Related research – research that is relevant to AVP but is not directly about AVP (e.g., research about related programs or violence prevention)
  4. Research methods (coming soon) – discussion about research designs, methods & instruments that might be used in AVP research.

To help you find relevant material,  we are slowly adding  keywords in square brackets, e.g., [quantitative, anger, prison].

Please note: We are taking care to ensure we respect copyright, but if we have slipped up and you are the copyright owner of any resource here and are not happy for it to be available through this collection, please let us know here so that we can address your concern.

Some suggestions for where to start 

For some descriptions of AVP try:

  1. AVP International. The AVP international website provides a variety of material about AVP. For more on the program including how AVP started and its core values, see The AVP Program.
  2. Garrison, G. (2014, CA) Albertans Make Peace on the Prairie Peace Magazine, Jan-March, p. 16. Background to AVP and a description of an AVP workshop.
  3. Kreitzer, L., Jou, M. (2010 CA) Social work with victims of genocide: the Alternatives To Violence Project (AVP) in Rwanda In International Social Work, vol.53, no.1, 73-86. This is an overview of AVP and its role in reconciliation in Rwanda.
  4. Shuford, J. (2009, US) AVP: An Instrument of Peace. Friends Journal, January 1 2009. An overview of AVP, with a focus on Transforming Power.

To start looking at research on AVP try:

  1. Walsh, P., & Potter-Daniau, D. (2017, IE). AVP Ireland impact report. Dublin: Alternatives to Violence Project Ireland. (Note: A summary of the research is also available.) This Irish report, by Pyers Walsh and Dorothée Potter-Daniau, includes a brief overview of literature, and findings from semi-structured interviews with AVP facilitators and analysis of AVP evaluation questionnaires by participants in prison workshops.
  2. Kayser, T., Roberts, L., Shuford, J., Michaelis, J. (2014, US) Minnesota AVP anger study, International Journal of Trauma Research and Practice, 1(1), pp. 2-13. (Starts on page 5 of the PDF.) Terry Kayser, Laura Roberts, John Shuford and John Michaelis discuss AVP in the context of prisons, including comments from corrections officials, before presenting the findings from a small study exploring the impact of AVP on the feelings of anger of participants in a series of AVP prison workshops in Minnesota, USA.
  3. Tomlinson, K. (2007, UK) A review of literature concerning the Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP). AVP Britain. Kathryn Tomlinson’s literature review from 2007 discusses the structure and foundations of AVP, Transforming Power and research on AVP.
  4. Nason, D. (2016, US) Using the Empathy Index (AEI) to measure long-term Empathy changes as a result of BASIC AVP workshop participation pt.1.pdf.  (Unpublished paper.) Don Nason, discusses a pilot project using the Empathy Assessment Index to study the impact of AVP in prison workshops in the USA. He includes background to the research, issues faced in undertaking the research, the findings and plans for further research.
  5. Labatt-Simon, J. (2008, US) Alternatives to Violence Project Internet Facilitators Survey, (Unpublished paper.) Jackie Labatt-Simon discusses the findings from a survey of 287 AVP facilitators in the USA. Topics explored included motivation for continuing with AVP, involvement in AVP, and the USA newsletter and conference.
  6. Roberts, L., White, G., & Yeomans, P. (2004, US) Theory development and evaluation of project WIN-a violence reduction program for early adolescentsJournal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 24, No. 4., pp.460-483. [published with permision] (Based on AVP).
  7. Walrath, C. (2001, US). Evaluation of an inmate-run alternatives to violence project: The impact of inmate-to-inmate intervention. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(7), 697.  This quantitative evaluation took place in a medium-security state correctional facility and explored anger, self-esteem, optimism, and locus of control. The research found that AVP led to reduced levels of anger and confrontation, and inmates generally had lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of optimism after 6 months.

 

Descriptions and discussion of AVP

  1. About the AVP program (from AVP international)
  2. AVP in Africa – Papers from the African Great Lakes Initiative of the Friends Peace Teams
  3. Deene, J. (2013, US) A Philadelphia school’s big bet on nonviolence The Atlantic, 18 July 2013.
  4. Garrison, G. (2014, CA) Albertans Make Peace on the Prairie Peace Magazine, Jan-March, p. 16. [descriptive, nonviolent, transformation]
  5. Garver, N., & Reitan, E. (1995). Nonviolence and community: Reflections on the Alternatives to Violence Project. Pendle Hill Publications. Available at a relatively low cost from the publishers.
  6. John, V. M. (2016, ZA) Peace profile: The Alternatives to Violence Project. Peace Review, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 369-375. doi: 10.1080/10402659.2016.1201960. Paper available from the author (JohnV@ukzn.ac.za) due to copyright restrictions.
  7. Kreitzer, L., Jou, M. (2010, CA) Social work with victims of genocide: the Alternatives To Violence Project (AVP) in Rwanda In International Social Work, Vol. 53, No.1, pp. 73-86. (The role of AVP in reconciliation in Rwanda).
  8. Miles, I. (2010, AU), Reflections on AVP-HIP in Sydney, unpublished paper.
  9. Sabin, Edward P. (2008, US) Alternatives to Violence Project: Inmate-to inmate communication and community building. Paper presented at the Johns Hopkins 58th Institute for Spirituality and Medicine: Violence and the Challenge of Healing in Our Communities. [participant/observer impressions, experiential, volunteers, prison]
  10. Shuford, J. (2009, US) AVP: An Instrument of Peace. Friends Journal, January 1 2009.
  11. Stuart, G. (2016, AU) What are Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP) workshops? Sustaining Community blog post
  12. Zarembkha, D. (2011, KE) AVP soars with youth in Turbo Division African Great Lakes Initiative of the Friends Peace Teams. [descriptive report, youth, apprentice]

Not freely available on the internet [Links to abstract only]

  1. Bethel, J. C., & Girvin, H. (2016, US). Bringing macro human behavior theory to life: Quakers’ Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP) as lived-experience in the classroomSocial Work and Christianity, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 233-247.
  2. Hinds, K. (1999, UK). A day in the life of an alternatives to violence facilitator. Prison Service Journal, No. 121, pp. 47-48.
  3. Novek, E. (2011, US). The Alternatives to Violence Project’s work for peace behind barsPeace Review, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 335-341. doi: 10.1080/10402659.2011.596061
  4. Powers, R. B., & Kirkpatrick, K. (2013, US). Playing with conflict: Teaching conflict resolution through simulations and games. Simulation & Gaming, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 51-72. doi: 10.1177/1046878112455487

 

LITERATURE REVIEWS

  1. Delahanty, F. (2004, US) Summary of research on the effectiveness of the Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP) unpublished paper.
  2. Tomlinson, K. (2007, UK) A review of literature concerning the Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP). AVP Britain.

GENERAL AVP

  1. Halfman, I., Couzij, T. (2008, NL) Narrative, conflict & evaluation. Unpublished Master thesis. [Conflict, Qualitative]
  2. John, V. M. (2013, ZA). Transforming power and transformative learning in peace educator development. Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 81-91.Available from the author (JohnV@ukzn.ac.za) due to copyright restrictions.
  3. John, V. (2015, ZA). Working Locally, Connecting Globally: The Case of the Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP). Journal of Peacebuilding & Development, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 81-86. [peace education, community based, networks] Available from the author (JohnV@ukzn.ac.za) due to copyright restrictions.
  4. Labatt-Simon, J. (2008, US) Alternatives to Violence Project Internet Facilitators Surveyunpublished paper. [Quantitative & qualitative, re-entry, justice, communication]
  5. Nason, D. (2016, US) Using the Empathy Index (AEI) to measure long-term Empathy changes as a result of BASIC AVP workshop participation pt.1.pdfunpublished paper.
  6. Phillips, B. (2002, NZ) An evaluation of AVP workshops in Aotearoa/New Zealand Wellington: Alternatives to Violence Project Aotearoa.
  7. Shuford, J. (2013, US) AVP and trauma, unpublished paper.
  8. Walker, C. (2011, UK) Alternatives to Violence Project (Britain): an overview of theory and evidence Unpublished paper.

PRISONS

  1. Bischoff, M. (2001, US) How restorative is AVP? evaluating the A.V.P. according to a Restorative Justice model. Plainfield, VT: AVP Distribution Service.
  2. Bitel, M., Bonati, G., Booth, B., Church, M., Edgar, K., Fry, K., … & Lawrence, C. (1998 UK). AVP as an agent of change-the pilot evaluation of the Alternatives to Violence Project in three prisonsunpublished paper.
  3. Graaf, K. (2005, ZA) A study of conflict resolution in Western Cape prisons. Unpublished B.Soc.Sci Honours Degree dissertation.
  4. Joy, V. (1996, AU) Towards transformation-an alternative to violence within the context of the criminal justice system unpublished master thesis
  5. Kayser, T., Roberts, L., Shuford, J., Michaelis, J. (2010, US) Minnesota AVP impact on anger studyUnpublished paper (see below for published version.)
  6. Kayser, T., Roberts, L., Shuford, J., Michaelis, J. (2014, US) Minnesota AVP anger study, International Journal of Trauma Research and Practice, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 2-13. [Prison, Anger]
  7. Leonard, A. (2014, US) Imprisonment as a shadow of American culture: How the healing power of the circle can rebuild community Unpublished PhD thesis. (Part of it is an in-depth examination of AVP in the context of prison)
  8. Miller, M., Shuford, J. (2005, US) The Alternatives to Violence Project in Delaware: A three-year cumulative recidivism study A report of an evaluation funded by the Drane Family Fund of the New Hampshire Charitable Foundation.
  9. Sloane, S. (2002, US) A study in the effectiveness of Alternatives to Violence Project workshops in a prison system Unpublished paper.
  10. Sloane, S. (2003, US) Lessons from the Cellblock-a study of prison inmate participants in an Alternative to Violence Program Unpublished paper.
  11. Walrath, C. (2001, US) Evaluation of an inmate run Alternatives to Violence Project-the impact of inmate-to-inmate intervention Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 16, No.7, pp. 697-711.
  12. Walsh, P., & Potter-Daniau, D. (2017, IE). AVP Ireland impact report. Dublin: Alternative to Violence Project Ireland. (Note: Summary of research also available) [Prison, Qualitative]
  13. Williams, K. (2012, US) Using a causal-comparative ex-post facto design to examine the effects of AVP on he reduction of incidents of violence and misconduct on inmates housed at California State Prison – Solando in Vacaville. Unpublished Doctor of Education dissertation

SCHOOLS/YOUTH

  1. Alderson, A. (2015, AU) Evaluation of Peaceful Pathways AVP-Youth in Western Australia AVP Western Australia.
  2. Philadelphia AVP, (2013, US) Student survey grades 9-12.pdf Unpublished paper.
  3. Stuart, G. (1999, AU) Conflict resolution and nonviolence workshops with young peopleYouth Studies Australia, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 37-41.

AFRICA

  1. Agizah, G., & Dundas, A. (2007, KE) I am the change I want to see in the world Kipkaren River: African Great Lakes Initiative of the Friends Peace Teams
  2. Chico, L., & Paule, U. (2005, RW) Peace cannot stay in small places: Lessons from Alternatives to Violence Workshops with Gacaca judges Kipkaren River: African Great Lakes Initiative of the Friends Peace Teams
  3. Chico, L (2007, RW) I am my neighbour’s mirror: A community rebuilding after genocide Kipkaren River: African Great Lakes Initiative of the Friends Peace Teams
  4. Niyongabo, A., & Yeomans, P. (2003, RW) “I still believe there is good in all people” An evaluation of the Alternatives to Violence Project in Rwanda Kipkaren River: African Great Lakes Initiative of the Friends Peace Teams

REFUGEES

  1. Hoffmann, J. (2014, AU), AVP Peace Leadership Training Project – Melaleuca Refugee Centre, unpublished report for Northern Territory Government.
  2. Lambourne, W., & Manirakiza, R. (2017, AU), Community-based psychosocial interventions for refugees living in Australia, Paper presented at the 1st Australia and New Zealand Refugee Trauma Recovery in Resettlement Conference, Sydney 29-31 March 2017.

GENERAL

  1. Miles, I. (2014, AU) An activist reflects: Personal narratives as a tool for social change. Unpublished PhD thesis.

PRISONS

  1. Hoppe, E. (2003, US) The Creative Conflict Resolution outcome study. Friends Outside

SCHOOL/YOUTH

  1. Coggins, C. (2005, US) Help Increase the Peace Middle School program evaluation unpublished report – Help Increase the Peace Program
  2. Doppler, L. (2006, AU) To study the effects on student achievement in schools. Churchill Memorial Trust report.
  3. Morrison, M., Austad, C., & Cota, K. (2011, US) Help Increase the Peace, a youth focused program in peace education Journal of Peace Education, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 177-191.
  4. Roberts, L., White, G., & Yeomans, P. (2004, US) Theory development and evaluation of project WIN-a violence reduction program for early adolescentsJournal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 24, No. 4., pp.460-483. [published with permision] (Based on AVP).
  5. Welden, L. (2008, AU) Restorative Practices in Australia’s Schools: Strong relationships and multi-school summits help schools “be and learn” together. Restorative Practices eForum Archive.

AFRICA

  1. May, A. (2008, UG) Teaching peace, transforming conflict? Exploring participants perceptions of the impact of informal peace training in Uganda. Leiden: African Studies Centre

(coming soon)